Seminario di Fenomenologia

Feedback from active galactic nuclei and stellar processes changes the matter distribution on small scales, leading to significant systematic uncertainty in weak lensing constraints on cosmology. In this talk, I will describe how the observable properties of group-scale halos can be used to constrain the impact of feedback on the matter distribution using Cosmology and Astrophysics with Machine Learning Simulations (CAMELS). By extending the results of previous work to smaller halo masses and higher wave numbers, k, we find that the baryon fraction in halos contains valuable information about the impact of feedback on the matter power spectrum. We will also explore how the thermal Sunyaev Zel’dovich (tSZ) signal from group-scale halos can provide similar information. Using recent Dark Energy Survey (DES) weak lensing and Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) tSZ cross-correlation measurements and models trained on CAMELS, we obtain 10% constraints on the effects of feedback on the power spectrum at k ~ 5 h/Mpc. I will also demonstrate that with future surveys, it will be possible to constrain baryonic effects on the power spectrum to O(<1%) at k = 1 h/Mpc and O(3%) at k = 5 h/Mpc using the methods introduced here.
Per connettersi a zoom:
Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fenomenologia

I present the first clear evidence for the presence of an intrinsic charm component in the proton. I recall the meaning of intrinsic charm and how intrinsic and perturbative charm can be distinguished from each other. I briefly review the NNPDF4.0 determination of the structure of the proton, and I discuss how its results, together with recent advanced tools for the evolution and matching of parton distributions, can be used for a separation of the perturbative and intrinsic charm components and a determination of the latter. I present results for the intrinsic charm component, I compare them to models, I discuss which current data have animpact on it, and briefly examine ongoing future improvements of the current result.

Per connettersi a zoom:

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fenomenologia

In this talk I will consider signal-background interference effects in Higgs-mediated diphoton production at the LHC. The inclusion of such effects results in a shift of the diphoton invariant mass distribution and in a destructive contribution to the total cross section. As pointed out in earlier works, one can exploit interference studies to put bounds on the Higgs boson decay width. After reviewing the Higgs interferometry framework I will present an extension of this analysis up to NNLO QCD in the soft-virtual approximation.

Per connettersi a zoom:

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fenomenologia-

The Standard Model (SM) is an Effective Field Theory (EFT) with an electroweak hierarchy problem associated to an unnaturally light Higgs. After introducing the concept of the SM EFT and the naturalness problem, I will present the possibility that an unnatural hierarchy between certain higher-dimensional operator coefficients in a low-energy EFT would automatically imply that the Higgs’ vacuum expectation value is hierarchically smaller than the EFT cut-off, assuming the EFT emerged from a unitary, causal and local UV completion. Future colliders may have the sensitivity to infer such a pattern of coefficients for a little hierarchy with an EFT cut-off up to O(10) TeV.

Per connettersi a zoom:

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fisica Teorica (Dr. Alessandro Georgoudis, Queen Mary)

In this talk I will present the S-matrix bootstrap program and its application to the study of 2d gapped and UV complete QFTs. In our work we extend the known results from pure S-matrix bootstrap by including into the set-up form factors and spectral functions of the stress energy tensor and conserved currents. I will explain how this extended set-up works and show how the associated sum rules allow us to put bounds on quantities like the central charge of the underlying conformal theories in the UV. Based on work with L. Córdova, M. Correia and A. Vuignier.

Per connettersi a zoom

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fisica Teorica-

The Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of supersymmetric and extremal (BPS) black holes has a precise statistical interpretation in the context of AdS/CFT duality. For non-BPS anti-de Sitter (AdS) black holes in dimensions larger than three, such a precise statistical interpretation has not been found yet. After reviewing the microscopic interpretation of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy for large BPS black holes in five dimensional AdS, and time permitting, I will explain how some perturbative corrections, deviating from supersymmetry and extremality, can be computed in four-dimensional maximally supersymmetric SU(N) Yang Mills theory.

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Diffuse supernova neutrino background (DSNB), which is an integrated flux of neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe), are eagerly studied in the worldwide experiment because the detection of DNSB flux makes investigation about the star formation history as well as the neutrino emission from CCSNe.

Since 2020, Super-Kamiokande (SK) detector has been updated by loading gadolinium (Gd) as a new experimental phase, “SK-Gd”. In the SK-Gd experiment, neutrons can be efficiently identified due to high cross-section and high energy gamma-ray emission of thermal neutron capture on Gd. This enables to search low-energy electron antineutrinos such as a signal of DSNB via inverse-beta decay.

Until July 2022, the observation was operated with the 0.01% Gd mass concentration, termed as SK-VI. The neutron capture fraction on Gd is about 50% at that time. In this period, we operated neutron source calibration and obtained characteristics about the neutron identification in SK-Gd detector.

Using the whole period of SK-VI, we searched for astrophysical electron antineutrinos with the energy of O(10) MeV in SK-Gd with a 22.5×552 kton·day exposure at 0.01% Gd mass concentration for a first time in SK-Gd experiment.

This seminar provides the result of the search and prospects for future observation.

Seminario di Fisica Teorica –

Over the past two decades, f(R) gravity has been at the forefront of providing an alternative to dynamical dark energy to explain the origin of late-time acceleration in the universe. This talk will provide a survey of work that has been done in this area using covariant methods, dealing with diverse topics from cosmological dynamics to gravitational lensing and perturbations of black holes.

Per connettersi a zoom:

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/93341311520?pwd=RklTcFFVWjdtUzR5TUZKM3V1TjJiQT09

Seminario di Fisica Teorica-

In the first part of the presentation, I will present a study of the spectra and strong decay widths of heavy baryons. The masses of single heavy baryons up to the D-wave have been calculated within a constituent quark model, employing both the three-quark and quark-diquark schemes. The decay widths of the ground and excited single heavy baryons into the heavy single baryon-(vector/pseudoscalar) meson pairs and the (octet/ decuplet) baryon-

(pseudoscalar/vector) heavy meson pairs, have been calculated. Moreover, I will discuss why the presence or absence of the ρ-mode excitations in the experimental spectrum is the key to distinguishing between the quark-diquark and three-quark behaviours, as it was originally pointed out in. The quantum number assignments and predictions for mass spectra and strong-decay widths are in agreement with the available data. These findings provide valuable

guidance for future measurements in experiments as ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, Belle, and Belle II.

In the second part of this talk, I will present a new application of the Interacting Boson Fermion-Fermion Model (IBFFM) for describing double charge exchange reactions. The study of double charge exchange reactions induced by heavy ions involving candidate nuclei for neutrinoless double beta decay is a complex task carried out by the NUMEN collaboration [5], to which I belong. This investigation faces the intricacies of complex odd-odd intermediate nuclei in sequential double charge exchange processes. I will offer a comprehensive description of heavy odd-odd nuclei using the (IBFFM). Additionally, I will outline the methodology for describing transfer operators within this framework.

Finally, I will explore the potential applications of our results in future reaction codes for describing double charge exchange reactions.

Per connettersi a zoom:

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/93341311520?pwd=RklTcFFVWjdtUzR5TUZKM3V1TjJiQT09

Seminario di Fisica Teorica-

The advent of noisy-intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) devices is opening new horizons for fundamental theoretical research. When viewed as experimental platforms for many-body quantum physics, NISQ devices can be conceptualized as systems evolving according to discrete sequences of few-body unitary processes, local projective measurements, and feedback. These ingredients give rise to new qualitative features and universal phenomena out of equilibrium, such as the recently discovered entanglement measurement-induced phase transitions (MIPTs). In the first part of the talk, I will provide an overview of the recent literature on the subject, introducing different quantum-circuit models for non-equilibrium many-body physics and the MITPs. In the second part, I will focus on some of my recent work on explicit models, showing either interesting new phenomena or allowing for analytic insight based on mappings to statistical mechanics problems.

Per connettersi a zoom:

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/93341311520?pwd=RklTcFFVWjdtUzR5TUZKM3V1TjJiQT09