Seminario generale

In this seminar, Prof. A.Szcepaniak will present the current activity of JLab Joint Physics Analysis Center (JPAC) concerning the analysis of hadronic resonances in data set s from GLUE, CLAS12, LHCb, BESIII, and COMPASS. Plans and opportunities for the foreseen upgrade in the energy of the CEBAF accelerator, 20+ GeV, will also be discussed.

Seminario di Fisica Teorica

Scattering amplitudes provide a window on the mathematical structure of Quantum Field Theory and serve as a bridge between theoretical predictions and experimental data. Because of this, their computation is of interest to many different research areas. Although much progress has been made in the last few decades, it remains very hard to compute scattering amplitudes at higher orders in perturbation theory. I will describe modern mathematical methods for the analytic computation of amplitudes in a general QFT. As a direct example and application, I will present new three-loop results which, for the first time, allowed a direct extraction of the quadrupole radiation contribution to the infrared structure of QCD. I will conclude with a description of the high-energy (Regge) limit and the first computation of the three-loop gluon Regge trajectory.

Per connettersi a zoom

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fenomenologia

We clarify the role of vector boson fusion (VBF) in the production of heavy vector triplets at the LHC and the HL-LHC. We point out that the presence of VBF production leads to an unavoidable rate of Drell-Yan

(DY) production and highlight the subtle interplay between the falling parton luminosities and the increasing importance of VBF production

as the heavy vector mass increases. We discuss current LHC searches and

HL-LHC projections in di-boson and di-lepton final states and demonstrate that VBF production outperforms DY production for resonance masses above 1 TeV in certain regions of the parameter space. We define two benchmark parameter points which provide

competitive production rates in vector boson fusion.

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Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fenomenologia

Feedback from active galactic nuclei and stellar processes changes the matter distribution on small scales, leading to significant systematic uncertainty in weak lensing constraints on cosmology. In this talk, I will describe how the observable properties of group-scale halos can be used to constrain the impact of feedback on the matter distribution using Cosmology and Astrophysics with Machine Learning Simulations (CAMELS). By extending the results of previous work to smaller halo masses and higher wave numbers, k, we find that the baryon fraction in halos contains valuable information about the impact of feedback on the matter power spectrum. We will also explore how the thermal Sunyaev Zel’dovich (tSZ) signal from group-scale halos can provide similar information. Using recent Dark Energy Survey (DES) weak lensing and Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) tSZ cross-correlation measurements and models trained on CAMELS, we obtain 10% constraints on the effects of feedback on the power spectrum at k ~ 5 h/Mpc. I will also demonstrate that with future surveys, it will be possible to constrain baryonic effects on the power spectrum to O(<1%) at k = 1 h/Mpc and O(3%) at k = 5 h/Mpc using the methods introduced here.
Per connettersi a zoom:
Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fenomenologia

I present the first clear evidence for the presence of an intrinsic charm component in the proton. I recall the meaning of intrinsic charm and how intrinsic and perturbative charm can be distinguished from each other. I briefly review the NNPDF4.0 determination of the structure of the proton, and I discuss how its results, together with recent advanced tools for the evolution and matching of parton distributions, can be used for a separation of the perturbative and intrinsic charm components and a determination of the latter. I present results for the intrinsic charm component, I compare them to models, I discuss which current data have animpact on it, and briefly examine ongoing future improvements of the current result.

Per connettersi a zoom:

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fenomenologia

In this talk I will consider signal-background interference effects in Higgs-mediated diphoton production at the LHC. The inclusion of such effects results in a shift of the diphoton invariant mass distribution and in a destructive contribution to the total cross section. As pointed out in earlier works, one can exploit interference studies to put bounds on the Higgs boson decay width. After reviewing the Higgs interferometry framework I will present an extension of this analysis up to NNLO QCD in the soft-virtual approximation.

Per connettersi a zoom:

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fenomenologia –

Improved understanding of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is crucial for advanced precision in LHC data analysis: nearly all LHC collisions used in physics analysis contain jets of hadronic radiation produced by QCD. Jets are reconstructed using signals from the ATLAS inner tracking detector and calorimeters, and calibrated using in situ techniques. Differential cross-section measurements of jets and jet substructure are multi-faceted physics analyses that enable the testing of new theoretical predictions including resummed analytical predictions and higher-accuracy parton shower Monte Carlos. In this seminar, I will review the prospects for extractions of Standard Model parameters from jet substructure, and I will present new measurements of novel event shape observables performed by ATLAS that are constructed using interdisciplinary data-science techniques.

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fisica Teorica INFN/DIFI

We study holographic correlators in 2d with states whose dimensions scale with the central charge. In the 3d bulk, these heavy states create smooth horizonless solutions of supergravity that reduce to black holes in a certain limit. By solving for quadratic perturbations around these backgrounds we compute heavy-heavy-light-light four point functions at strong coupling, and study their behavior as the geometry approaches that of a black hole. We show that in this limit the spectrum of the theory becomes effectively continuous, and the correlator in momentum space develops a branch cut. The discontinuity along the cut has poles at the quasinormal frequencies of the black hole, similarly to what happens for resonances in quantum mechanics.

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fisica Teorica INFN/DIFI

We study holographic correlators in 2d with states whose dimensions scale with the central charge. In the 3d bulk, these heavy states create smooth horizonless solutions of supergravity that reduce to black holes in a certain limit. By solving for quadratic perturbations around these backgrounds we compute heavy-heavy-light-light four point functions at strong coupling, and study their behavior as the geometry approaches that of a black hole. We show that in this limit the spectrum of the theory becomes effectively continuous, and the correlator in momentum space develops a branch cut. The discontinuity along the cut has poles at the quasinormal frequencies of the black hole, similarly to what happens for resonances in quantum mechanics.

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271

Seminario di Fisica Teorica INFN/DIFI

We study holographic correlators in 2d with states whose dimensions scale with the central charge. In the 3d bulk, these heavy states create smooth horizonless solutions of supergravity that reduce to black holes in a certain limit. By solving for quadratic perturbations around these backgrounds we compute heavy-heavy-light-light four point functions at strong coupling, and study their behavior as the geometry approaches that of a black hole. We show that in this limit the spectrum of the theory becomes effectively continuous, and the correlator in momentum space develops a branch cut. The discontinuity along the cut has poles at the quasinormal frequencies of the black hole, similarly to what happens for resonances in quantum mechanics.

Topic: Theory and Pheno seminars

https://infn-it.zoom.us/j/8573185271

Meeting ID: 857 318 5271