Seminario di Fisica Teorica
Dr. Francesco Bigazzi (INFN Firenze)
A holographic model of QCD axion is presented. It describes a
composite axion in the KSVZ class. Having a gravity dual, based on the
Witten-Sakai-Sugimoto model, it is calculable in the strongly coupled
regime and its UV completion is under control. Its basic properties are
derived, including the low energy Lagrangian, from which the axion
couplings to nucleons can be derived. Basic features in the deconfined
phase are studied as well. In particular, the temperature dependence of
the axion mass is extracted from the topological susceptibility.
Seminario di Fenomenologia
Dr. Oleh Fedkevych (Università di Genova & INFN Genova)
In spite of the recent progress in both theoretical and experimental studies of QCD, many aspects of multiple parton interactions (MPI) still require a detail investigation. In particular, double parton scattering (DPS) processes can play a dominant role for some specific kinematic regions of multi-jet production, especially in proton-nucleus (pA) collisions where the total DPS cross section is approximately âˆŒ3A times bigger than the corresponding total DPS cross section in proton-proton (pp) collisions.
In this talk, I will provide a general overview of the state-of-the-art of the “first principles” and Monte Carlo description of DPS (MPI) processes
with a special emphasize on the four-jet DPS production in pp and pA collisions and
different approaches to model double parton distribution functions.
Seminario di Fenomenologia Dr. Matthew Lim (Milano Bicocca)
The GENEVA framework allows fully differential, fixed order calculations at NNLO to be matched to parton shower programs while also achieving NNLL’ accuracy in the distribution of a jet resolution variable. To date, it has been successfully applied to jet production in e+e- collisions and also the Drell-Yan process at the LHC. In this talk I will discuss the methodology and present its application to VH production at the LHC, which has recently been measured for the first time. I will present comparisons with dedicated fixed order programs as well as showered distributions and discuss future avenues to be explored.
Seminario di Fisica Teorica Daniel Arean Fraga (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid)
In this talk I will review the topic of non-Hermitian PT-Symmetric quantum theories and present a proposal for a gravity dual of a non-Hermitian QFT.
Seminario di Fenomenologia Dr. Johannes Michel (DESY, Hamburg)
Differential measurements at the LHC involve many physical scales set by the hard production process and soft or collinear QCD dynamics. When these scales are widely separated, the perturbative series becomes dominated by logarithms of their ratios. Precise (or sometimes even just physical) theory predictions require the resummation of these large logarithms to all orders. In this talk I will provide an overview of the challenges encountered when extending the resummation program to multi-differential observables, and of the new insights one gains into the infrared structure of QCD. I will first briefly review single-differential resummation methods, focusing on TMD factorization and the inclusive transverse momentum spectrum of electroweak gauge bosons at the LHC as a key application. I will then discuss how additional measurements on the decay products of the Z or W affect the resummation (e.g. fiducial acceptance cuts, the lepton pT, or the phi* observable), and present ongoing work to incorporate these effects at the level of precision required for determinations of key electroweak parameters such as the W mass at the LHC.
In the second half of the talk I will show how treating a very basic QCD quantity (the Drell-Yan rapidity spectrum) in a multi-differential spirit leads to surprising new insight into its all-order perturbative structure, and generalizes the classic QCD result of threshold (or soft-gluon) resummation.
Seminario di Fisica Teorica Johanna Erdmenger (Wurzburg)
I will report on recent work of a team of researchers from both
AdS/CFT and condensed matter physics on proposing a new material with
an effective electron coupling three times larger than in graphene,
which is therefore expected to be even more suited for realizing
hydrodynamic electron flows than graphene. Also, the ratio of shear
viscosity over entropy density is expected to be smaller. The proposed
material is based on a Kagome lattice structure. Moreover, I will also
present new results on the Hall viscosity of electron flows in
channels. We find that at a critical magnetic field, the Hall viscosity
contribution cancels the ordinary Hall effect contribution to the total
Hall voltage. Finally, I will also mention recent results on how
quantum anomalies affect the Josephson current in inversion-asymmetric
Seminario di Fenomenologia
Prof. Lorenzo Calibbi (Nankai University)
Pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosons (also known as axion-like particles) with
flavour-violating couplings to the Standard Model (SM) fermions are a
rather generic consequence of spontaneously-broken global U(1)
symmetries, e.g. if the SM fermions carry flavour non-universal charges.
A possible consequence is the occurrence of flavour-violating decays of
hadrons and leptons into light axion-like particles. These exotic
signatures are a powerful probe of such kind of scenarios. I will
discuss the phenomenological consequences at future experiments,
focusing in particular on searches for lepton flavour violation.
Seminario generale Prof. ssa Nadia Pastrone (INFN Torino)
After the discovery of the Higgs boson a new era of precise measurements has been started at LHC. The upcoming update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics will chart the future in the field at the high-energy frontier for the coming decades. The physics potentials and the key differences between the proposed linear or circular collider were evaluated at the various reachable collision energy. Hadron or lepton machines are confronted on their sensitivity to precisely measure the Higgs boson couplings and the possibility to make direct or indirect discoveries. Demanding technologies, bright solutions and vigorous R&D will be needed to launch such challenging projects and pave the future for novel accelerator concepts. The international scenario will be sketched with a personal view to stimulate discussions and suggestions.
Silvia Scorza (SNOLAB, Canada)
Astroparticle physics experiments searching for rare events, such as
neutrinoless double beta decay and dark matter particles interactions,
have to be shielded from background radiation that would interact and
hide the physics of interest, and have to exhibit a radioactive
background as low as possible. Therefore, underground site are
preferred. Being protected from cosmic rays, the underground environment
provides the conditions necessary for experiments dealing with such rare
or exotic interactions.
SNOLAB is one such facility, based at a depth of 2km in the Vale
Creighton mine near Sudbury, Ontario. The lab hosts a number of neutrino
and dark matter experiments as well as new biology and genomic
experiments making use of the unique facility.
Seminario di Fenomenologia
Dr. Stefano Frixione (INFN Genova)
Although the computation of a vast class of $e^+e^-$ cross sections
is fully doable in perturbative QED, the perturbative series is not
well behaved unless a mechanism is devised that allows one to take
into account, to all orders in the coupling constant, the effects
due to multiple emissions of photons and $e^+e^-$ pairs off the
incoming particles. I shall discuss one such mechanism, that has
a strict analogy with its counterpart in QCD and is based upon
the so-called Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) of the electron
and the positron. I shall present recent results that have improved
the accuracy to which these PDFs are known.